Does purchase price matter on the use of energy efficient technologies: Experimental Evidence from rural Ethiopia?

Sied Hassen

Environment and Climate Research Center

Ethiopian Development Research Institute

22 April 2016

Does purchase price matter on the use of energy efficient technologies: Experimental Evidence from rural Ethiopia?

Abstract 

In this study we conducted a randomized experiment in rural Ethiopia to test whether sunk and screen effects matter on how quickly the energy efficient technologies are in use. A result based on a follow up data and the baseline survey shows that there is no difference in the length of use between those that get the energy efficient technology for free and those that paid money for it (i.e absence of sunk cost effect). However, we find a difference in the length of use between those with high valuation for the technology and those with lower valuation for it (i.e an evidence of the screening effect). The insignificant difference between free distribution and purchase villages is against the opinion of development practitioners which mostly reject the option of distributing goods that have public and private benefit for free or with subsidy. This implies that if households have access to clean and energy efficient technologies and acquired it, regardless of how they get it, they can use it.

Cities and agricultural transformation in Ethiopia: ESSP - EDRI

The Ethiopia Strategy Support Program and the Ethiopian Development Research Institute invite all interested to a research seminar on

Cities and agricultural transformation in Ethiopia

Presentation by

 Bart Minten, IFPRI

DATE:          Friday, April 1, 2016

TIME:          11:00 AM

VENUE:      Ethiopian Development Research Institute

ROOM:      Training Room

Abstract:

Due to the rapid growth of cities in Africa, a larger number of farmers is living in the rural hinterland providing food to urban residents. However, empirical evidence on how urbanization affects these farmers is scarce. To fill this gap, this analysis explores the relationship between proximity to a city and the production behavior of rural staple crop producers. More in particular, we analyze unique data from teff producing farmers in major producing areas around Addis Ababa, the Ethiopian capital. We find that farmers more closely located to Addis Ababa receive higher teff prices, but also face higher wages and land rental prices and rely significantly more on formal factor markets. Moreover, we observe that modern input use, land and labor productivity, and profitability in teff production improve with urban proximity. In contrast, we do not find such strong and positive relationships of rural population density increases - as an alternative source of agricultural transformation - as they seem to lead to immiserizing effects in these settings.

 A light lunch will be served after the seminar. We look forward to your participation!!!!

Land Expropriation, Peri-urbanization &Income Diversification: Evidence from Peri-urban Tigray, Northern Ethiopia.

The Ethiopia Strategy Support Program and the Ethiopian Development Research Institute invite all interested to a research seminar on 

Land Expropriation, Peri-urbanization and Income Diversification: Evidence from Peri-urban Tigray, Northern Ethiopia.

Presentation

by

Tsega G. Mezgebo (Mekelle University)

DATE:          Friday, May 8, 2015

TIME:           11:00 AM

VENUE:       Ethiopian Development Research Institute

ROOM:       Training Room

Abstract:

The rapid urban expansion, a characteristic of many developing countries, is happening by incorporating the nearby rural villages. This changes the consumption and production behaviors of subsistence farm households in the villages. In the presence of missing markets, particularly for labor and land, the rural urban livelihood transition is far from smooth. The objective of this paper is to illustrate this transition using data farm households in peri-urban Tigray, Ethiopia. We use data from two groups of farm households – differentiated by the local authority as urban or rural – to identify factors associated with the farm household’s decision to adopt income diversification strategy. Multinomial logit is applied to identify factors that influence the farm household’s income diversification decision. The results show that agriculture continues as an important source of income although access to farmland is very limited. Combining farm and skilled (rewarding) nonfarm employments is the dominant strategy for the better-off farm households regardless the location they belong too. Location of the household, however, influences income diversification strategies of the farm households in the lowest income quartile (the poorest group). The urban poor participate less in unskilled (low-paying) nonfarm employment compared to the rural. Additionally, labor-poor farm households are marginalized in the nonfarm sector and experience in the nonfarm sector rather than finance is the decisive factor for the farm household to engage in remunerative employment. This has important implications for poverty reduction strategies in general and the land compensation package/urban expansion policy of Ethiopia in particular.

 

              

Household Perception and Demand for Better Land Rights Protection in the Era of Agricultural Transformation in Ethiopia

 The Ethiopia Strategy Support Program (ESSP) & the Ethiopian Development Research Institute (EDRI) invite all interested to a research seminar on 

Household Perception and Demand for Better Land Rights Protection in the Era of Agricultural Transformation in Ethiopia

Presentation                                                  

by

Hosaena Ghebru (IFPRI)

DATE:          Wednesday, April 15, 2015

TIME:           11:00 AM

VENUE:       Ethiopian Development Research Institute

ROOM:      Training Room

 Abstract:

 We used the 2013 Agricultural growth program (AGP) survey of 7500 households from Ethiopia to assess factors that are associated with household demand for the second-level land certification in Ethiopia. The results from logistic estimation revealed that individuals having better awareness about the features of 2nd stage land certification are more likely to be interested in 2nd stage land certification. Moreover, interest in second-level land certification is significantly lower among households that predominantly acquire their parcels through family inheritance as compared to those who acquire their parcels predominantly from government allocation or purchases. Comparing to households from the Oromia region, households from the SNNP (the latest region to implement the first-level land certification) are less likely to demonstrate demand while households from the Tigray region (the first region to implement the first-level land certification) are more likely to show interest for the second-level land certification. Hence, due to such variation among regions, the rollout strategy of the 2nd stage land certification need not be considered as a blanket solution for the entire nation but with more caution and pragmatic approach taking into account regional variations in terms of the drivers of perceived tenure insecurity and economic viability of the program.

 

 

New Climate Economy (NCE)

 Ethiopian Development Research Institute (EDRI) in collaboration with New Climate Economy (NCE) will hold a workshop to launch the report on

 

 “Urbanization in Ethiopia: Implications for Green Growth and Transformation” on February 13, 2015 at  Ball Room 3, Lalibela Hall of Sheraton Addis Hotel

Asian Drivers for Africa's Manufacturing Take-off?

The Ethiopia Strategy Support Program (ESSP) and the Ethiopian Development Research Institute (EDRI)

Asian Drivers for Africa's Manufacturing Take-off?

 Presentation

by

Tang Xiaoyang (Tsinghua University)and Prof. Deborah Brautigam

(Johns Hopkins University’s School of Advanced International Studies)

DATE:          Monday, February 2, 2015

TIME:           11:00 AM

VENUE:       Ethiopian Development Research Institute

ROOM:      Training Room

Abstract:

 

Asian investments in Africa's manufacturing sector have been significantly increasing during last decade. However, the real impacts of these investments are not yet thoroughly investigated. In this talk, the researcher will use the findings from recent field research in Africa, particularly in Ethiopia, to explain whether investments from Asia will contribute to the growth of Africa's own manufacturing sector. Various models and their respective opportunities and challenges analyzed.  

Final round workshop on Climate Resilient Strategy for Export Commodities

Final round workshop on Climate Resilient Strategy for Export Commodities held on January 12, 2015 at the EDRI conference hall

The seventh High Level Forum for the Phase II of policy dialogues on Industrial Development

The seventh High Level Forum for the Phase II of policy dialogues on Industrial Development organized by EDRI and the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) held on January 14, 2015 at the Simien Salon, Sheraton Addis Hotel.

Recent and Upcoming Seminars & Workshops